Keyboard Shortcuts

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Wenlin 216x93.png Appendix B of the Wenlin User’s Guide

This appendix lists Wenlin commands that you can execute with a single keystroke.

Most of these commands are just keyboard shortcuts to the menu commands already documented. You needn’t memorize these keyboard shortcuts, since they are listed next to the commands in the menu; just pull down the menus to see them (some commands don’t have shortcuts).

A few commands are documented here for the first time: they are not discussed in the main text, and they don't have equivalent menu items. We have placed asterisks (*) next to these “new” commands, and colored their cells yellow.

When a menu command appears “dimmed” it is currently unavailable. No such cue is evident when using a keyboard shortcut.

To execute a command with a key combination, hold down the first key (a modifier key), and then press the second key (a letter or number etc.).

As noted below, some slight differences exist between Mac OS and MS-Windows. The MS-Windows Ctrl (Control) key is generally equivalent to the Mac OS ⌘ (Command) key. If your Mac has a Ctrl or Control key, don’t use it: use ⌘ instead.

Contents

Key Combinations With Ctrl or ⌘

MS-Win Mac Command Description
Ctrl+A ⌘A Select All Chooses Select All from the Edit menu. Selects (highlights) the entire contents of a window.
Ctrl+B ⌘B Grab Chooses Grab from the Edit menu. For copying text to the current position of the insertion point.
Ctrl+C ⌘C Copy Chooses Copy from the Edit menu. Places a copy of the selected text onto the clipboard.
Ctrl+D ⌘D *Down Moves the titlebar of the active sub-window down one line.
Ctrl+E ⌘E Enable Editing Chooses Enable Editing from the Edit menu.
Ctrl+F ⌘F Find Chooses Find... from the Search menu.
Ctrl+G ⌘G Find Again Chooses Find Again from the Search menu.
⌘H Hide Chooses Hide Wenlin from the Wenlin menu (Mac OS only)
Ctrl+I ⌘I Unassigned
Ctrl+J ⌘J Toggle Dictionaries Chooses Toggle Dictionaries from the Dictionary menu
Ctrl+K ⌘K Replace and Find Again Chooses Replace and Find Again from the Search menu.
Ctrl+L ⌘L Look Up Word Chooses Look Up Word... from the Dictionary menu.
⌘M Minimize Chooses Minimize from the Window menu (Mac OS only)
Ctrl+N ⌘N New Chooses New from the File menu.
Ctrl+O ⌘O Open Chooses Open from the File menu.
Ctrl+P ⌘P Print Chooses Print from the File menu.
Ctrl+Q ⌘Q Quit Chooses Quit from the File menu.
Ctrl+R ⌘R Replace Chooses Replace from the Search menu. Replaces highlighted text with the replacement string.
Ctrl+S ⌘S Save Chooses Save from the File menu. Saves the contents of the active window to a file on disk.
Ctrl+T ⌘T Convert Chooses Convert from the Edit menu.
Ctrl+U ⌘U ü Inserts the character ü (u with two dots).
Ctrl+V ⌘V Paste Chooses Paste from the Edit menu.
Ctrl+W ⌘W Close Chooses Close from the File menu. Closes the active window.
Ctrl+X ⌘X Cut Chooses Cut from the Edit menu. Removes highlighted text and places it on the clipboard.
Ctrl+Y ⌘Y *Convert Again This command is only available when editing. Place the insertion point just to the right of the character, then execute the command. A list of all similar sounding characters is displayed in the conversion box. You can then choose a character from the conversion box to replace the original character.
Ctrl+Z ⌘Z Undo/Redo Chooses Undo or Redo from the Edit menu.

The following key combinations are used for inserting tone marks above pinyin syllables. The insertion point must be inside or just to the right of the syllable.

MS-Win Mac DescriptionExample
Ctrl+1⌘1 Places high tone mark above syllable: huō
Ctrl+2⌘2 Places rising tone mark above syllable: huó
Ctrl+3⌘3 Places dipping tone mark above syllable: huǒ
Ctrl+4 ⌘4 Places falling tone mark above syllable: huò

Key Combinations With Shift and Ctrl or ⌘

MS-Win Mac Command Description
Ctrl+Shift+F Shift+⌘F Find Fix:Chooses Find Fix: from the Search menu.
Ctrl+Shift+G Shift+⌘G *Play All SoundsStarts playing all the sound files linked to the current window.
Ctrl+Shift+I Shift+⌘I *Clone Instant Look-upOpens a window with a copy of what is currently shown by instant look-up.
Ctrl+Shift+KShift+⌘K *WenlinKey (See the WenlinKeys section below.)
Ctrl+Shift+LShift+⌘L Look Up SelectionChooses Look Up Selection from the Dictionary menu.
Ctrl+Shift+MShift+⌘M Make Transformed CopyChooses Make Transformed Copy... from the Edit menu.
Ctrl+Shift+PShift+⌘P *Add PinyinAdds pinyin following Hanzi. For example, if you type it after 你好, you will obtain 你好 nǐ hǎo. It can also be applied to the selection. Segmentation and pinyin ambiguities are not shown by this function, so the output needs to be checked, although it should be correct in most cases.
Ctrl+Shift+SShift+⌘S Save AsChooses Save As... from the File menu.
Ctrl+Shift+TShift+⌘T *Convert Single CharacterChooses Convert from the Edit menu, but only for a single syllable or character.
Ctrl+Shift+U Shift+⌘U Ü Inserts the character Ü (capital U with two dots).

Key Combinations With Alt (MS-Windows only)

Alt+D Pulls down the Dictionary menu
Alt+E Pulls down the Edit menu
Alt+F Pulls down the File menu
Alt+H Pulls down the Help menu
Alt+L Pulls down the List menu
Alt+N Pulls down the Font menu
Alt+O Pulls down the Options menu
Alt+S Pulls down the Search menu
Alt+Z Pulls down the Size menu

WenlinKeys

For the benefit of those who prefer the keyboard over the mouse, Wenlin (starting with version 3.1.6) recognizes certain sequences of keystrokes, called “WenlinKeys”, that can be used instead of the mouse for various commands.

Each WenlinKey starts with Shift+Ctrl+K (MS-Windows) or Shift+Command+K (Mac OS), then has one or more decimal digits, and ends with a semi-colon (;). In this documentation, we’ll use “SCK” as an abbreviation for “Shift+Ctrl+K (MS-Windows) or Shift+Command+K (Mac OS)”.

Some examples: Typing SCK followed by “1;” chooses the Hand tool in the toolbar. SCK and “4;” chooses the Brush tool. SCK and “119;” is equivalent to choosing “List radicals by stroke count” from the List menu. (Don't forget the semi-colon.)

WenlinKeys are primarily intended for use in conjunction with keyboard macro utilities that enable you to assign your own favorite key combinations, such as Alt+Shift+F10, which will automatically be converted into the WenlinKeys that Wenlin recognizes. Such utilities are created and published by other companies, not by Wenlin Institute, and must be obtained separately. A few such utilities are listed here, with links to their websites. The only ones we've actually tried at Wenlin Institute are iKey and KeyText. (These trademarks all belong to their respective owners.)

Please note that some keystroke combinations are assigned by the operating system. For example, on MS-Windows, Alt+F4 quits the current program, while Ctrl+Alt+Delete re-boots the computer (and may cause damage); on Mac OS, Shift+Command+3 takes a picture of the screen and saves it as a file, while Option+C produces the French letter “ç” (with some keyboard layouts). It's up to you, and/or your keyboard macro utility, to determine which keystroke combinations are available on your computer, and to choose how to map them to WenlinKeys.

In the following documentation, “C_” stands for “Ctrl (MS-Windows) or Command (Mac OS)”.

The following WenlinKeys are currently assigned. A few of the commands are not documented beyond their brief mention here. Each WenlinKey consists of SCK (that is, Shift+C_+K) the given number, and a semi-colon (;). Remember the semi-colon!

Toolbar

1HAND-TOOL
2IBEAM-TOOL
3GRAB (C_+B)
4BRUSH-TOOL
5MOUTH-TOOL
6JUMP-TOOL
7MOUTH-GENDER (switch between male and female voices)

File menu

10NEW (C_+N)
11OPEN (C_+O)
12REOPEN
13CLOSE (C_+W)
14SAVE (C_+S)
15SAVE-AS
16ENABLE-EDITING (C_+E)
17FLASHCARDS
18PAGE-SETUP
19PAGINATE
20PRINT (C_+P)
21QUIT (C_+Q)

Edit menu

30UNDO (C_+Z)
31CUT (C_+X)
32COPY (C_+C)
33PASTE (C_+V)
40CLIP-FORMAT (open the Clipboard Format dialog)

The following choose a particular Clipboard Format directly:

41CLIP-BIG5
42CLIP-GB
43CLIP-UTF8
44CLIP-ASCII
45CLIP-LATIN1
46CLIP-MACROMAN
47CLIP-DISABLE-NONUNI
48CLIP-DISABLE-UNI
49CLIP-ENABLE-UNI
60SELECT-ALL (C_+A)
61CONVERT (C_+T)
62CONVERT-SINGLE (Shift+C_+T)
63OTHERZI (C_+Y)
3GRAB (C_+B)
70TRANSFORM

Search menu

100FIND (C_+F)
101FIND-AGAIN (C_+G)
102REPLACE (C_+R)
103REPLACE-AGAIN (C_+K)
104REPLACE-ALL
105FIND-FIX
106SEARCH-FILES

List menu

110LIST-CHARACTERS-BY-PINYIN
111LIST-CHARACTERS-BY-STROKE-COUNT
112LIST-CHARACTERS-BY-FREQUENCY
113LIST-CHARACTERS-BY-UNICODE
114LIST-WORDS-BY-PINYIN
115LIST-WORDS-BY-FREQUENCY
116LIST-WORDS-BY-SERIAL-NUMBER
117LIST-ENGLISH-WORDS-ALPHABETICALLY
118LIST-RADICALS-BY-NUMBER
119LIST-RADICALS-BY-STROKE-COUNT
120LIST-NUMBERS
121LIST-CHARACTERS-CONTAINING-COMPONENTS

Dictionary menu

140LOOKUP-WORD (C_+L)
141LOOKUP-SELECTION (Shift+C_+L)
142CHOOSE-DICTIONARY
143SHOW-DICTIONARY
144TOGGLE-DICTIONARY (C_+J)
145IMPORT-DICTIONARY

Font menu

150FONT-PY-MONO
151FONT-PY-FREE
152FONT-PY-FREE-CHOOSE
153FONT-HZ-SONG
154FONT-HZ-PLAIN
155FONT-HZ-BITMAP
156FONT-HZ-FREE
157FONT-HZ-FREE-CHOOSE
158FONT-HZ-SYS
159FONT-HZ-SYS-CHOOSE

Size menu

198SIZE-DECREASE
199SIZE-INCREASE
200SIZE-ZERO

(The commands for increasing or decreasing the size by one step are only available as WenlinKeys. 200 through 221 are for sizes “0” through “21”; 222 through 300 are reserved.)

Options menu

Most options can be turned on or off, or “flipped” to the opposite of the current setting:

400OPT-SIMPLE-FLIP
401OPT-SIMPLE-ON
402OPT-SIMPLE-OFF
410OPT-LOOKUP-FLIP
411OPT-LOOKUP-ON
412OPT-LOOKUP-OFF
420OPT-TOOLBAR-FLIP
421OPT-TOOLBAR-ON
422OPT-TOOLBAR-OFF
430OPT-SPECIAL-FLIP
431OPT-SPECIAL-ON
432OPT-SPECIAL-OFF
433OPT-SPECIAL-KEY
440OPT-TONE-FLIP
441OPT-TONE-ON
442OPT-TONE-OFF
450OPT-BACKUP-FLIP
451OPT-BACKUP-ON
452OPT-BACKUP-OFF
460OPT-QUIET-FLIP
461OPT-QUIET-ON
462OPT-QUIET-OFF
470OPT-SMOOTH-TEXT-FLIP
471OPT-SMOOTH-TEXT-ON
472OPT-SMOOTH-TEXT-OFF
480OPT-SMOOTH-SCROLL-FLIP
481OPT-SMOOTH-SCROLL-ON
482OPT-SMOOTH-SCROLL-OFF
490OPT-SHORT-BAND-FLIP
491OPT-SHORT-BAND-ON
492OPT-SHORT-BAND-OFF
500OPT-REVEAL-CODES-FLIP
501OPT-REVEAL-CODES-ON
502OPT-REVEAL-CODES-OFF
510OPT-COLORS
520OPT-TAB-WIDTH
530OPT-NEWLINES
540OPT-HANZI-FILTER
550OPT-KEYBOARD
597OPT-DESCRIBE
598OPT-SHOW-CURRENT
599OPT-RESTORE

Miscellaneous

701HELP
702LEFT
703RIGHT
704UP
705DOWN
706TOP
707BOTTOM
708LINE-START
709LINE-END
710PAGE-UP
711PAGE-DOWN
720TONE0 (remove pinyin tone mark)
721TONE1 (add pinyin 1st tone)
722TONE2 (add pinyin 2nd tone)
723TONE3 (add pinyin 3rd tone)
724TONE4 (add pinyin 4th tone)
730TITLEBAR-UP
731TITLEBAR-DOWN (C_+D)
732NEXT-WINDOW
733PREVIOUS-WINDOW
734SWAP-WINDOWS
901DESCRIBE-WINDOW
902CLONE-INSTANT-LOOKUP
905COMBINE-ALL-WINDOWS
907LIST-RECENT-VOCAB
916ADD-QUICK-PINYIN
920CURLY-QUOTES-SINGLE
921CURLY-QUOTES-DOUBLE
952SET-COLORIZATION-COLOR
999INDEX-CDL

Note that some WenlinKeys duplicate existing shortcuts. For example, the Grabber can be selected with its original shortcut, C_+B, or by its WenlinKey sequence, SCK and “3;”. Of course, the WenlinKey sequence is less convenient for ordinary typing; it is included for completeness, and might conceivably be useful in conjunction with a keyboard macro utility.


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